By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
June 22, 2017
Category: Foot Care
Tags: Ankle Pain   orthotics   heel spurs  

At Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center in Saginaw, MI and Bay City, MI we have access to top quality orthotics. Dr. Andrew H. Cohen and his staff work closely with patients to get the right orthotic device for their individual needs.

Orthotics are specially designed to be worn inside a shoe. They typically control abnormal foot functions. They also help to alleviate foot pain and discomfort. This orthotics have the potential to help impaired feet stay mobile and improve multiple symptoms for an array of disorders from heel spurs to ankle pain.

What are they made of?

Orthotics are made out of plastics and carbon-fiber composites. They are firm devices that typically do not bend or flex much. First, podiatrists take a molding of the patient’s foot. They use this mold to craft the orthotic device. It gives them a replica of the foot they are putting the device on and makes it easier to create. After making the orthotic device the podiatrist tries it on the patient and adjusts it once they see its true fit. Once the patient’s orthotic is adjusted and their needs are met, they are able to use it on a daily basis. These devices are typically comfortable and do not cause additional pain and suffering. They are placed in the shoe and worn every day.

How long does an Orthotic last?

Typically, an Orthotic can last for many years.  They are made out of medical grade materials that last with normal wear and tear. Orthotics can also add other pieces like extensions and top covers to the base device. These additions need to be replaced more regularly. Additions should be replaced with a podiatrist every few years to make sure they are in the best working order that they can be.

If you have a sensitive foot and are unable to tolerate the usual rigid materials of orthotics, there are other options you can seek. Some orthotics can be made using softer, breathable materials that are gentler to the foot and ankle. Rubber, cord, leather, and synthetic materials can be used when making this softer, more malleable orthotics.

Over the Counter Orthotics

Beware of over the counter “orthotics”. These devices are used solely for arch support and are not specifically made for an individual’s needs. People who do not have the proper training can cause worse pain and suffering with a poorly composed orthotic.

If you are interested in obtaining an orthotic custom fit for your foot, do not delay, call our office today! Our number is 989-790-8009. You can also click here to make an appointment online.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
June 15, 2017

You were at a friend’s wedding last night. You danced for hours on the dance floor and had yourself a wonderful time. Everything was superb until suddenly you wake up the next morning and your foot is in unbearable pain. At first, you panic. Is it broken? I can’t stand! Don’t worry my friend, it could be Plantar Fasciitis.

Plantar Fasciitis is the inflammation of the tough tissue on the bottom of the foot. This tissue starts at the heel and attaches to the toes. This condition causes pain and can sometimes lead to heel spurs. Due to the fact that the disorder can affect the whole foot, it often times causes large amounts of pain and makes it difficult to stand or walk for any length of time, especially first thing in the morning.  

About a third of Americans get Plantar Fasciitis in both feet. This is not always the case. Sometimes Plantar Fasciitis strikes in one foot at a time. It is typically caused due to the overuse of the foot but other studies show that it is also linked to the way a person walks, and obesity.

Typically, the pain from Plantar Fasciitis is at its peak in the morning. This is why many people will go to bed without pain and wake up with it. After walking and stretching it out during the day with basic activity, the amount of pain that you are experiencing is likely to decrease.


Mild cases of Plantar Fasciitis can be treated with rest, stretches, and over the counter pain medication. Over time the condition is known to resolve itself if it is a mild case. If the pain persists or is so severe that you have trouble walking you should contact a podiatrist such as Dr. Andrew H. Cohen at Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center in Saginaw, Michigan or Bay City, Michigan. There Dr. Cohen can guide you on the use of orthotics, splinting and other treatments tailored to best suit your needs. You can make an appointment by calling him at 989-790-8009.

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
June 06, 2017

Swelling of the feet and ankles, also known as Edema, is a cause of fluid buildup in the ankle tissues.  This type of swelling is known more commonly in elder people and can be related to heart, renal and liver failure.  Pain is our body’s way of telling us that something is wrong and we need to listen when it speaks.

We understand that food fuels our body and although we know this, we sometimes decide to have a momentary lapse of reason when it comes to dining out or when a treat is dangling itself in front of us. We see this more commonly in our elders, in pregnant woman and people who are inactive or over weight.  Persistent swollen ankles are most commonly related to heart complications which can also be a silent problem in some cases.

  • Sodium simply promotes swelling in all cases. It is the highest and most potent form of salt.
  • Alcohol can interfere with kidney and liver function and chronic alcohol intake can result in many issues including ankle swelling.
  • Caffeine can fake us out leaving us to think that we are dehydrated therefore the body may retain more water.

There are two valuable ways to reduce swelling in the ankles to improve blood flow and get your lymphatic system moving at full capacity again. Either of these simple remedies will rid the body of toxins.

  • Exercise increases blood flow which helps keep your blood pressure at a good level and ultimately reduces swelling.
  • Massage will help drain the fluid from the swollen area and can be done from home or in the salon.

If your body is talking to you by way of swollen feet or ankles and Edema is a possible concern then it should not be overlooked.  Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center is conveniently located in Saginaw and Essexville, Michigan and our specialist, Dr. Andrew H. Cohen, can help with anything from a routine visit to treatments for surgery. If you believe there is something serious going on with your feet or ankles, don’t delay and call for an appointment at 989-790-8009.


By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
June 02, 2017
Category: Foot Care

Foot care is easy to skip because our feet are not the first thing we look at each day. However, they will absolutely remind us that they are there when they are in pain. Here are some basic foot care suggestions to keep your feet healthy.

  • Wash your feet every day and notice any changes in color or temperature. Peeling on the soles can indicate athlete’s foot, while discolored toe nails can be a sign of a nail fungus.
  • Trim your toenails straight across and not too short or close to the nail bed. Cutting into the sides can cause ingrown toe nails.
  • Select the right shoe, it is extremely important especially as you get older. The wrong shoe can create more conditions than you bargained for and the fashion industry is sympathetic to style and health therefore, they offer more options.
  • Be aware when testing home remedies for foot conditions as they can turn a minor issue into a larger one if not you’re guided correctly. Calling a podiatrist can be a quick and simple way to get the right answer.
  • Trade your shoes out for a spare pair every day as this could save you from getting athlete’s foot or any other related fungal condition.
  • Walking bare foot certainly feels good on the right turf but it can put you at risk of injury and infection and let’s face it, that isn’t as much fun. Sandals are a good alternative and still allow your toes to get some air.
  • Do not ignore foot pain, it is your body’s way of telling you that there is something wrong! Please contact us if you are experiencing foot pain.
  • If you are a diabetic you should take extreme care by using both your podiatrist and general doctor to ensure you are not missing anything.
  • Use moisturizing lotion to help keep skin dry. Just a small amount a few times each day does the trick.
  • Walk daily and let those toes go around the block a few times. A simple solution that keeps your feet moving and stay healthy!

Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center is conveniently located in Saginaw and Essexville, Michigan. If you are experiencing pain in your feet or just need a check up on chronic issues call Dr. Andrew H. Cohen for an appointment at 989-790-8009. Understanding basic foot care allows your feet to take you where you need to go! 

By Mid-Michigan Foot & Ankle Center
May 26, 2017
Category: Toe Pain

An ingrown toenail is simply a nail that is growing into your skin and causes pain, swelling and discomfort.  If your ingrown toenail does not show any sign of infection you could try to let the nail grow out and see if it heals on its own.  At Mid-Michigan Foot and Ankle Center we suggest a warm Epsom salts bath before you try any other remedy.  If the nail does not improve with in a couple of days, then a visit with our Podiatrist is recommended.

The causes of ingrown toenails?

  • Footwear that crowds the toes will push the corners of your nail into the skin
  • Cutting toenails too short on the sides of the big toe can cause the skin to overgrow around the nail
  • Injuring your toe nail like dropping something on your toe or kicking something too hard
  • Poor foot structure and posture or how you walk or stand effects the long-term condition of your big toe nail
  • Unhealthy foot hygiene with excessive sweating is a risk factor

Preventing an ingrown toenail......

  • Cut the nail straight across without rounded corners
  • Make sure shoes fit well and are not too tight
  • Keep feet clean and dry
  • Drug store antibiotic medications
  • Surgically remove the ingrown portion of nail with a procedure called toenail avulsion
  • Permanent removal will remove the cells in the nail bed so the toenail will not come back

Ingrown toenails my look like….

  • Red and painful around the nail
  • Skin near the nail is swollen and tender
  • When the nail pierces the skin, bacteria can get in and cause an infection and you may see blood or pus

Recovery time for the permanent removal procedure of an ingrown toenail can take up to two weeks with little inconvenience. You will need to wear soft spacious shoes or open toed sandals during recovery time.  If you need any type of treatment it should be as soon as symptoms start especially with diabetic patients who have nerve damage in or near your foot. You can trial with home remedies, such as soaking in warm water a couple times a day and using gauze to gently push the skin away from the nail.  If these symptoms continue call us at 989-790-8009 for an appointment at one of our locations in Saginaw, or Essexville, Michigan. Toe nails should grow out and not in.




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